Autism spectrum disorder is a common disorder, characterized by the improper development of neurons which affects the person’s socializing and communication abilities. It impacts a person’s consciousness and ability to react to external responses. People with this disorder show recurring behaviour, with various symptoms and extremity depending on the stage of and seriousness of Autism.

Autism is classified as pervasive development disorders (PDD) and also presents Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger syndrome. Previously these all were considered as separate disorders. Some studies show’s Autistic patients also show ADHD (attention deficit hypertensive disorder) i-e the cannot pay attention to a single or main object.

Mostly it develops in early childhood when a child is exposed to social environment school, gatherings, but few children start showing symptoms between 18 to 24 months of age in which the regression shows the signs.

Autism Awareness and Why It is Important

April is known as National Autism Awareness Month. As Autism is prevailing day by day, every 1 in 45 children is suffering from autism developmental disability. Autism Awareness in the general public is essential to educate people and make them aware to understand. In April, many organizations volunteer and organize different seminars, presentations and distribute autism awareness messages to aware people on Autism and its consequences.

How is Autism Diagnosed?

The abnormal behaviour of a child from other average child suspects the early autistic behaviour, as some child, start showing symptoms in the first year as lack of responses, less or no eye contact some shows signs in later years when eventually they start losing consciousness over language and behaviour.

The symptoms and severity vary from child to child, some are hypo-active, and some are hyperactive, some have learning difficulties and lower IQ levels. In contrast, few have quick learning capacity but are slow respondents to social environments.

Sign and Symptoms:

So basically, due to this mix behaviour of the child, it’s challenging to diagnose, following are few sign and symptoms

  • Don’t respond to called names
  • Prefer to stay alone, and show resistant behaviour when hold or cuddled.
  • Don’t show any specific facial expressions and lost eye contact
  • Start losing the memory of recalling words or trouble in speaking
  • Short conversations, can’t talk for long
  • Speaks abnormally, short cut words, or speak in a robot-like tone
  • Repeat words again and again
  • Don’t understand questions and don’t express feelings
  • Doesn’t show excitement to play with objects or demand for them
  • Show aggressive behaviour mostly

Patterns of Behaviour:

  • Autism child or adults usually show repetitive patterns of behaviour, some of these are:
  • Repetition of movement, such as flapping hands, again and again, spinning or jumping
  • Hurt themselves, such as biting or head-banging
  • Usually follow the same routine and become irritated on change
  • Difficulty in coordination and movement shows abnormal body language clumsiness and hyperactivity
  • Feels happy about the progress of objects but fails to understand the purpose of the object
  • Light sensitive, or maybe sensitive to sound or pain.
  • Extremely picky eaters, only eat selected food with the same texture

With time, some autistic child starts showing behaviour difference, start engaging with people and gradually leads to a healthy life. Still, some continue with, and the condition worsens with time and age. For this timely diagnosis is essential and Psychological evaluations of children can help to diagnose it early.

treatments for autism

Causes

If we talk about causes of Autism spectrum disorder, there is no specific cause known through studies yet; symptoms vary from person to person, so reasons also vary. Most prominently genetics and environment play a significant role

  • Genetics

Genetics play a role in Autism spectrum disorder. Studies are increasing that autism spectrum disorder can also be developed because of the high rate of mutation and gene impairment. Many studies show 10-20% of Autism cases reported were due to genes mutation in the last ten years. Genes play a role in the development of different abnormal behaviours some are inherited, and few are spontaneous

  • Environmental factors.

The environment plays a significant role in gene mutation, during pregnancy, exposing of mother to environmental pollutants or viral infection and medications can trigger brain development disorders. Studies show genes play 38%, and the environment plays a 58% role in causing Autism.

How to Treat Autism Spectrum Disorder

There is no significant treatment till yet introduced for Autism, but with different therapies and training methods, it can be minimized.

  • Occupational Therapy
  • Speech Therapy
  • Social Skills Class
  • Therapeutic Horseback Riding
  • Parent-child interaction therapy
  • Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA)
  • Discrete trial training
  • Pivotal response training
  • Early intensive behavioural intervention
  • Verbal behaviour intervention
  • Developmental, Individual Differences, Relationship-Based Approach (DIR)
  • Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-handicapped Children (TEACCH).
  • The Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS)

If you are looking for some Psychological Testing and Support Services for Children in Glenview to know about your child’s development and behaviour, contact Help and Healing Center at 847-558-7321.